Thursday, Oct 5
Climate Change Cliff Notes
Watch the livestream of “Climate Change Cliff Notes” panelists Michael Mann, Sarah Feakins, and Daniel Swain, moderated by Bob Lalasz. This event is sold out at the Tar Pitts, but you can watch the livestream from 7-8.30 pm! This is part of the La Brea Tar Pitts Climate Series for the Ages. This entire series is an experiment on climate communication, and active research is being conducted in the process.
Working on your Science Policy ‘Elevator Pitch’
We discussed several types of elevator pitches, and the need to have different ones for your colleagues, friends, and policy makers. Stay tuned for a later event where we film each other and see how well we are coming across!
Tuesday, Sept. 19
Letter writing to your representatives
Beyond personally visiting their office, the most effective way to communicate with congressional members is by letter writing. Personalized letters and emails to them can be informative and help them connect to their constituents. This recurring event will happen monthly at different days and times, so if you missed this one be sure to catch next month’s letter writing event on Oct 18 from 11-2!
Friday, Sept. 8th
What is Science and Technology Policy and what do SciPol Analysts do?
Dr. Dave Baiocchi is a senior researcher at the RAND Corporation’s Applied Sciences and Technology division. He works on policy analysis and will give a talk about what science policy is and how people with technical science backgrounds can get involved. He often runs workshops on problem solving in really interesting science questions for various groups, including government agencies and students. He gave an introduction to Science Policy and spoke about what work at RAND is like, how they hire and what to think about if you want to move into a career like working for RAND.
Science in a regulatory agency: Discussion with Dr. Andy Miller, US EPA Office of Research and Development
Thursday, April 6th
Being a scientist in a regulatory agency holds challenges unique in the scientific community. Such a position requires a clear understanding of the differences between science and policy, and requires that a scientist is continually aware of the need to protect and maintain her independence and objectivity. While scientists in the academic community have the freedom to make policy recommendations, researchers in a regulatory agency must stop short of advocating for particular policy choices, while at the same time conducting science that informs those policy choices. The line between informing and advocating is not always clear, especially as science becomes increasingly politicized. We discussed some of the sensitivities, challenges, and opportunities that come with doing science in a regulatory setting.
Dr. C.A. (Andy) Miller is the Associate Director for Climate with EPA’s Office of Research and Development (ORD) and represents EPA at the US Global Change Research Program. Most of his 26 years have been with ORD, where he conducted research on characterization and control of combustion-generated air pollution and on climate change impacts, adaptation, and mitigation. He also spent several months working for the Office of Air and Radiation on a regulation to control oxides of nitrogen from power plants. Andy has served as a team lead for PM research, and was Acting National Program Director for ORD’s PM research program. He received a B.S. and M.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of Arizona, and a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from North Carolina State University. He is currently located in the Southern California Field Office, part of EPA’s Region 9, but continues to work for ORD from Los Angeles.
Public engagement workshop for Scientists with Sense about Science USA
Friday, March 24th
We discussed the importance of public engagement by scientists, learned about the ethics and principles of science communication, and got to know the journalistic process. We also discussed how scientists can be more actively involved in public outreach.
Your personal choices and California water
Talk with Ling O’Connor
Wednesday, March 1st
Dr. O’Connor is a professor at Pasadena City College and an alumna of the USC Earth Sciences department, where she obtained her PhD.
How to Eat a Dinosaur: Science Policy and Poultry Production
Discussion with Nate Carroll
Thursday, Feb 16th
Nate is a graduate student in the Earth Sciences department and the Natural History museum studying vertebrate paleontology. We discussed the regulation of poultry as meat in the US, including the differences for housing chickens used for food versus egg production and the history of the chicken industry in the US.
Science and Trump’s Administration: AAAS Webinar screening
Thursday, January 26th
A continuation from where the post-election webinar left off, with topics including outlook for research funding and how the administration and Congress may view science-based policymaking.
The “STEM Crisis” and Science Policy: Discussion with Jennifer Miller, USC Professor of Public Policy
Wednesday, January 18th
IEEE Spectrum “The STEM Crisis Is a Myth.”
We discussed the scientific workforce, including a discussion about which fields in STEM have a surplus of PhDs and postdocs and differing definitions of the ‘postdoc problem’.
Talking to your congressional representative: Workshop with Frank Corsetti
Tuesday, Dec 6
If you are interested in trying to get a meeting with your rep’s office, you can start here. Most have a link in their website where you can request a meeting. Your representatives have staffers available to take your phone calls, meetings and concerns, so contact them!
COP21 and COP22 Discussion with Dr. Gibson
Wednesday, Nov 30th
We got the inside scoop on the Marrakesh (COP22) Climate Summit from Dornsife International Relations Prof. Shannon Gibson, who is an expert on environmental activism and was a participant in the Paris (COP21) climate talks last year.
AAAS webinar: “After the Election: What Now for Science Funding and Policy?“
Monday, November 14th
You can still view it on your own here.
The History of Gene Patenting, and Remaining issues: Discussion group with Liana Engie
Thursday, October 27th
Up until 2013, naturally occurring genes (and entire genomes) could be patented in the US as long as they had been isolated. We discussed the process of finally ending this long standing practice (a very good science communication case study), how the global science community deals with patent differences in each country, arguments pro and con.
Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration: Discussion with Lina Bird
Wednesday, October 12th
Lina Bird is a postdoc in the Nealson Lab (Departments of Earth/Biological Sciences) and a member of the Citizen’s Climate Lobby. The discussion focused on two papers: Lal, 2010, Managing Soils and Ecosystems for Mitigating Anthropogenic Carbon Emissions and Advancing Global Food Security, BioScience and the executive summary and introduction from Citizen’s Climate Lobby, 2014, The Economic, Climate, Fiscal, Power, and Demographic Impact of a National Fee-and-Dividend Carbon Tax. Thanks to Lina and everyone who attended!
First annual meeting of the Science Policy Group at USC
Friday, September 9th
We introduced the group’s goals and spoke about some past and upcoming events. Our faculty sponsor, Yael Wohlinksy-Nahmias, led a short discussion.
Merchants of Doubt Movie Screening
Monday, April 25
Southern California air quality Seminar with Dr. Jim Fawcett
Friday, April 15
Air quality in the Los Angeles air basin has been a persistent problem since ancient times but with industrialization in the 20th Century it gradually became almost unbearable. With federal clean air legislation as well as concomitant state legislation in the latter parts of that century, air quality has improved and so-called “criteria” air emissions have been markedly reduced. Releases of volatile organic compounds in paints, auto emissions, industrial discharges, dry cleaning plants and a host of other emissions have been curbed to the point where, although the region still cannot meet federal ambient air quality standards, nevertheless the air is much cleaner. One persistent source of emissions, however, has been difficult to manage: diesel emissions from foreign-flagged merchant ships, most of whom are powered by diesel engines and who heretofore have needed to use their auxiliary engines in port. Now, joint action by the South Coast Air Quality Management District and the two seaports at Los Angeles (San Pedro) and Long Beach has resulted in a scheme to help resolve this significant source of diesel pollution and reduce its impact on a still-stressed air basin. In this presentation we learned about the sources of marine air pollution, why it’s so difficult to resolve and what is being done via the Clean Air Action Plan that the ports and the AQMD have devised.
James Fawcett is the Director of Marine Science and Policy Outreach and Marine Transportation/Seaport Specialist for the Sea Grant Program at the Wrigley Institute, and an adjunct Professor in the schools of Public Policy and Environmental Studies at USC.
Harmful algal blooms: Discussion with Jayme Smith
Thursday, April 7
Phytoplankton serve an essential ecological role as the nutritional base of the pelagic food web in marine environments. While phytoplankton benefit higher trophic levels through carbon fixation, there are several phytoplankton species that can bloom and disrupt ecosystems through the production of toxins or other negative effects; these events are commonly known as harmful algal blooms (HABs). There are several noxious and toxic phytoplankton species known to be endemic to the Southern California Bight (SCB) region, including species of the diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia spp., which produces domoic acid and Alexandrium spp., which produces saxitoxin (see Caron et al., 2010 for a comprehensive discussion of the toxic phytoplankton and their products found in the region). Large algal blooms, commonly referred to as “red tides”, are not a new occurrence in the SCB, rather, they have been documented in the area for over a century. However, toxic Pseudo-nitzschia blooms are a more recently described phenomena in the region, with regular toxic bloom events only being observed over the last decade. Last year, the largest algal bloom in over a decade occurred off the West Coast, spanning from Washington to California. We discussed the biology of the local HAB species, the ecological and economic problems caused by HABs, and the monitoring and research programs that exist to address these issues.
Jayme is a PhD candidate at USC in the department of Marine and Environmental Biology.
Deforestation and the global carbon budget: Discussion with Eric Kleinsasser
Thursday, March 24
Over the course of the industrial revolution about one third of total anthropogenic carbon emissions has come from changes in land cover, primarily the degradation of forests or conversion of forest-land to cropland. The net effects of deforestation and degradation are difficult to quantify, but can be constrained by synthesizing government records, satellite data, and modeling. Although rates of change of land cover (deforestation) have held relatively steady in the tropics over the past two decades, forest degradation through logging and other practices has fluctuated significantly. And in any case, even the most conservative modern assessments show deforestation still contributing to 10% of carbon emissions in the past 15 years. We discussed the methods used in making these assessments, as well as public policy measures and proposals to reduce deforestation and reverse prevailing trends in land cover change.
For more on Deforestation and the global carbon budget, see Eric’s blog post.
Seminar with Yael Wolinsky-Nahmias: Implications of the UN Conference on Climate Change (COP21)
Wednesday, February 24
Last December, 196 nations made voluntary, public commitments to cut their carbon emissions by varying degrees, with the hope of lowering the risk of catastrophic climate change. In this seminar we discussed the significance of COP21 and the challenges involved in the implementation of the agreement. We considered the extent to which COP21 represents a shift in international climate policy making, and the implications of such a shift for stabilizing the climate system.
Yael Wolinsky-Nahmias’s main research interests are in the area of environmental politics, multi-level climate change policy, and public attitudes and participation in environmental politics. She recently published a book titled Changing Climate Politics: U.S. Policies and Civic Action, and has written about game theoretic approaches to environmental policy, voters’ preferences on environmental issues, and public attitudes toward climate change. She’s currently involved in research on paths of public participation in climate action in California.
Yael is a faculty member in the Environmental Studies Program and the department of Political Science at USC. She’s involved in curriculum development in both programs, and has recently created a new program for students interested in environmental policy and science internships, by designing specially tailored internships together with local government and non-governmental organizations.
Fracking Discussion with Audra Bardsley
February 12, 2016
From electricity generation to home heating, natural gas is an important component of America’s energy portfolio. Advances in directional drilling technology combined with hydraulic fracturing have vastly increased domestic production over the past decade. Proponents have lauded natural gas as a cleaner burning bridge fuel to energy independence, while opponents raise questions as to the human health and environmental impacts of extraction. We discussed social perceptions of hydraulic fracturing based natural gas production and active areas of scientific research.
For a fracking overview, we recommend the following articles:
Audra is a PhD candidate in the department of Earth Sciences at USC.
Science Policy Fellowship Panel Discussion
January 27, 2016
Our panelists—Dr. Karla Heidelberg (AAAS Fellow), Dr. Jessica Dutton (Knauss and Mirzayan Fellow), and Dr. David Ginsburg (Knauss Fellow)— shared their experiences in the programs and how their fellowships advanced their careers. Moderated by Sydney Fishman.
Geoengineering Discussion with John Lawhead
December 4, 2015
Climate engineering involves the deliberate, large-scale manipulation of the global climate in order to reverse or mitigate some of the impacts of anthropogenic climate change. It includes proposals as diverse as injecting particles into the upper atmosphere to increase the global albedo, brightening clouds over oceans, and putting giant mirrors into space, just like some kind of James Bond villain. The debate tends to attract crazy people like little else (try searching the term on YouTube or something if you’re curious), and is fraught with ethical, political, and scientific challenges, all of which makes it great fun to talk about.
For a brief consideration of some of the issues, see Jon’s blog post.
Jon is a philosopher of science specializing in the foundations of climate science and complex systems theory. He is currently a postdoc at USC.
Discussion with Sydney Fishman: Societal and policy implications of El Niño in California
November 5, 2015
We discussed media coverage of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the science behind it.
Sydney is a senior at USC majoring in environmental studies and minoring in earth sciences. She is the vice president of the Science Policy Group at USC.
Discussion with Megan Hall: the use of copper-based antifouling paints in Southern California boat harbors
October 22, 2015
Copper-based paints are used on boat hulls to deter growth of marine life. Copper is toxic, and in boat harbors is found in high concentrations via sloughing off from boats.
Megan is a PhD candidate at USC in the department of Marine and Environmental Biology (MEB). She is the MEB liaison for the Science Policy Group at USC.
Contact us: scipol (at) usc (dot) edu