GEOLOGY 107-L

SPRING, 2005                ELEMENTS OF OCEANOGRAPHY                                  LUND

 

This course introduces students to oceanographic processes active at the Earth's surface and their relationship to other components of the Earth's overall environment including climate variability and Global Change issues. Oceanographic processes include plate tectonics, ocean circulation, biogeochemical cycles, marine sedimentation, and marine biology/ecology. The course also surveys the relationship between natural oceanographic processes, human activities in the ocean, and our need to manage the oceans before we seriously harm them. The mandatory laboratory section associated with the course employs a hands-on approach to illustrate the methods which oceanographers use to develop an understanding of how the world's oceans work. Selected videotapes will also be shown in the lectures/labs to better illustrate dynamic ocean processes.

 

WEEK    DATE                                      TOPIC                                                   PAGES IN TEXT

      1    Jan 10                    0: Introduction

      1    Jan 12                    1: History of Oceanography                                                              1-32

      1    Jan 14                    2: Origin and Structure of the Earth                                                 37-50

      2    Jan 17                    HOLIDAY

      2    Jan 19                    3: The Earth's Ocean Basins                                                          87-110

      2    Jan 21                    4: Plate Tectonics - Historical Foundations                                      53-80

      3    Jan 24                    5: Plate Tectonics - Current Views

      3    Jan 26                    Video – Plate Tectonics

      3    Jan 28                    6: The Earth's Atmosphere and Global Heat Budget                    177-195

      4    Jan 31                    7: Atmosphere Circulation/Circulation of Fluids

      4    Feb 2                     8: Ocean Waves and the Tides                                                     228-252

      4    Feb 4                     9: The 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami

      5    Feb 7                     10: Surface Ocean Circulation - Driving Forces                          200-217

      5    Feb 9                     11: Surface Ocean Circulation - Patterns around the world

      5    Feb 11                   Video – Ocean/Atmosphere Interaction = CLIMATE

      6    Feb 14                   12: The Nature and Properties of Sea Water                                137-173

      6    Feb 16                   FIRST MIDTERM EXAM (Lectures 1-11)             

      6    Feb 18                   13: The Variability of Water in the World's Oceans

      7    Feb 21                   HOLIDAY

      7    Feb 23                   14: Deep Ocean Circulation                                                         217-225

      7    Feb 25                   15: Weathering and Erosion                                                                     

      8    Feb 28                   16: Marine sedimentation                                                             115-133

      8    Mar 2                    17: Coastal Environments (photic zone and coastal margin)        275-301

      8    Mar 4                    18: Beach Processes and Human Impact

      9    Mar 7                    19: Nutrients and Dissolved Gases in Seawater                          304-327

      9    Mar 9                    20: Systematics of Marine Biology                                              355-385

      9    Mar 11                  21: Marine Ecology - Food Webs                                                390-410

      10  Mar 14-19             SPRING BREAK

      11  Mar 21                                                                                                      22: Pelagic Marine Environments                         332-352

      11  Mar 23                  23: Deep Ocean Benthic Marine Environments

      11  Mar 25                  SECOND MIDTERM EXAM (Lectures 12-23)

      12  Mar 28                                                                                                      24: Coastal Marine Environments

      12  Mar 30                  Video – Sea of Cortez

      12  Apr 1                     25: Life Cycles of California’s Grey Whale and Elephant Seal

      13  Apr 4                     26: Coral Reefs

13   Apr 6                     Video – Tropical Coral Reefs

      13  Apr 8                     27: Perspectives on Global Climate Change                  

      14  Apr 11                   28: Paleoceanography – The Cretaceous Greenhouse World

      14  Apr 13                   29: Paleoceanography – The Quaternary Icehouse World

      14  Apr 15                   30: Today’s World – Global Warming                       

      15  Apr 18                   31: Today’s World – ENSO Variability

      15  Apr 20                   32: Managing the Oceans - Physical Resources                          413-432

      15  Apr 22                   33: Managing the Oceans - Ocean Fisheries

      16  Apr 25                   34: Managing the Oceans – Sources of Ocean Pollution             437-456

      16  Apr 27                   35: Managing the Oceans – The California Standard

      16  Apr 29                   THIRD MIDTERM EXAM (Lectures 24-35)

 

LECTURE TEXT:      Oceanography, T. Garrison, Wadsworth Publishers, 5th ed.

LABORATORY MANUAL: Oceanography Lab Manual (USC Bookstore Course Reader)

 

OFFICE HOURS:                  9:00-10:00 A.M.

                                                Office – Zumberge Hall (Old Science) (SCI) 273; 740-5835

                                                Main Lab – Zumbege Hall (SCI) B24; 821-6215

                                                email - slund@usc.edu

 

CLASS GRADE:                   Three mid-term examinations..............................…...70%

                                                Laboratory......................................................…….... 30%

                                                                                                                                   100%

 

EXTRA CREDIT: Up to 6% extra credit can be received for class attendance. Attendance will be taken 5 to 6 random times during the semester (1% extra credit will be given for each class attended). This is a competitive extra credit; the credit will be added before calculating a final curve for the class grades. A separate 5% extra credit can be earned through participation in the JEP program (details will be explained in class). The JEP extra credit is NONCOMPETITIVE. It will be added after calculating the final curve for the class. Those who do not participate are not penalized in the grading process.

 

LAB GRADE:                        10 lab quizzes (11 labs, drop lowest quiz grade)..............90%

(Students must                  pass the                                                                      Field Trip................................…………..........................10%

lab to pass the course)                                                                                                100%   

                                                                                                                                   

FIELD TRIP:  Mandatory day field trip leaves at 8:30 A.M. and returns about 4:00 P.M. If students miss the field trip, the only alternative is a 5-page (double-spaced) term paper on a topic related to the lecture material. The term paper must use at least three separate articles from the current LA Times as reference material. The articles must be attached to the term paper. Partial credit will be given for substandard efforts. Tentative dates are Sat/Sun Mar  5/6 and Sat/Sun April 2/3.