Seismic Waves and Fault Zone Structures

  • Qin, L., Y. Ben-Zion, H. Qiu, P.-E. Share, Z. E. Ross and F. L. Vernon, Internal structure of the San Jacinto fault zone in the trifurcation area southeast of Anza, California, from data of dense seismic arrays, Geophys. J. Int., doi: 10.1093/gji/ggx540, 2018.

  • Liu, X. and Y. Ben-Zion, Analysis of non-diffuse characteristics of the seismic noise field in southern California based on correlations of neighboring frequencies, Geophys. J. Int., 212, 798–806, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggx441, 2018.

  • Allam, A. A., V. Schulte-Pelkum, Y. Ben-Zion, C. Tape, N. Ruppert and Z. E. Ross, Ten kilometer vertical Moho offset and shallow velocity contrast along the Denali fault from double-difference tomography, receiver functions, and fault zone head waves, Tectonophysics, 721, 56-69, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2017.09.003, 2017.

  • Roux, P. and Y. Ben-Zion, Rayleigh phase velocities in Southern California from beamforming short duration ambient noise, Geophys. J. Int., 211, 450–454, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggx316, 2017.

  • Share, P.-E., Y. Ben-Zion, Z.E. Ross, H. Qiu and F. L. Vernon, Internal structure of the San Jacinto fault zone at Blackburn Saddle from seismic data of a dense linear array, Geophys. J. Int., 210, 819–832, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggx191, 2017.

  • Qiu, H., Y. Ben-Zion, Z.E. Ross, P.-E. Share and F. L. Vernon, Internal structure of the San Jacinto fault zone at Jackass Flat from data recorded by a dense linear array, Geophys. J. Int., 209, 1369-1388, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggx096, 2017.

  • Hillers, G., P. Roux, M. Campillo, Y. Ben-Zion, Focal spot imaging based on zero lag cross correlation amplitude fields: Application to dense array data at the San Jacinto fault zone, J. Geophys. Res., doi: 10.1002/2016JB013014, 2016.

  • Share, P.-E. and Y. Ben-Zion, Bimaterial interfaces in the South San Andreas Fault with opposite velocity contrasts NW and SE from San Gorgonio Pass, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi: 10.1002/2016GL070774, 2016.

  • Liu, X., Y. Ben-Zion and D. Zigone, Frequency domain analysis of errors in cross-correlations of ambient seismic noise, Geophys. J. Int., doi:10.1093/gji/ggw361, 2016.

  • Roux, P., L. Moreau, A. Lecointre, G. Hillers, M. Campillo, Y. Ben-Zion, D. Zigone and F. Vernon, A methodological approach toward high-resolution seismic imaging of the San Jacinto Fault Zone using ambient noise recordings at a spatially-dense array, Geophys. J. Int., 206, 980-992, doi:10.1093/gji/ggw193, 2016.

  • Liu, X. and Y. Ben-Zion, Estimating correlations of neighboring frequencies in ambient seismic noise, Geophys. J. Int., 206, 1065–1075, doi:10.1093/gji/ggw196, 2016.

  • Fang, H., H. Zhang, H. Yao, A. Allam, D. Zigone, Y. Ben-Zion, C. Thurber and R. D. van der Hilst, A new three-dimensional joint inversion algorithm of body-wave and surface-wave data and its application to the Southern California Plate Boundary Region, J. Geophys. Res., 121, doi: 10.1002/2015JB012702, 2016.

  • Najdahmadi, B., M. Bohnhoff and Y. Ben-Zion, Bimaterial interfaces at the Karadere segment of the North Anatolian Fault, northwestern Turkey, J. Geophys. Res., 121, doi: 10.1002/2015JB012601, 2016.

  • Li, Z., Z. Peng, Y. Ben-Zion and F. L. Vernon, Spatial variations of Shear-wave Anisotropy Near the San Jacinto Fault Zone in Southern California, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 8334-8347, doi: 10.1002/2015JB012483, 2015.

  • Allam, A. A., C. Tape, and Y. Ben-Zion, Finite-frequency sensitivity kernels of seismic waves to fault zone structures, Geophys. J. Int., doi: 10.1093/gji/ggv413, 203, 2032–2048, 2015.

  • Liu, X., Y. Ben-Zion and D. Zigone, Extracting seismic attenuation coefficients from cross-correlations of ambient noise at linear triplets of stations, Geophys. J. Int., 203, 1149–1163, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggv357, 2015.

  • Ross, Z. and Y. Ben-Zion, An algorithm for automated identification of fault zone trapped waves, Geophys. J. Int., 202, 933–942, doi:10.1093/gji/ggv197, 2015.

  • Ben-Zion, Y., F. Vernon, Y. Ozakin, D. Zigone, Z. Ross, H. Meng, M. White, J. Reyes, D. Hollis and M. Barklage Basic data features and results from a spatially-dense seismic array on the San Jacinto fault zone, Geophys. J. Int., 202, 370–380, doi:10.1093/gji/ggv14, 2015.

  • Ozakin, Y. and Y. Ben-Zion, Systematic receiver function analysis of the Moho geometry in the Southern California plate-boundary region, Pure Appl. Geophys., 172, 1167-1184, doi:10.1007/s00024-014-0924-6, 2015.

  • Zigone, D., Y. Ben-Zion, M. Campillo and P. Roux, Seismic Tomography of the Southern California plate boundary region from noise-based Rayleigh and Love Waves, Pure Appl. Geophys., 172, 1007–1032, doi: 10.1007/s00024-014-0872-1, 2015.

  • Yang, H., Z. Li, Z. Peng, Y. Ben-Zion and F. Vernon, Low velocity zones along the San Jacinto Fault, Southern California, from body waves recorded in dense linear arrays, J. Geophys. Res., 119, doi:10.1002/2014JB011548, 2014.

  • Ross, Z. and Y. Ben-Zion, Automatic picking of direct P, S seismic phases and fault zone head waves, Geophys. J. Int., 199, 368–381, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggu2672014.

  • Hillers, G., M. Campillo, Y. Ben-Zion and P. Roux, Seismic fault zone trapped noise , J. Geophys. Res, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JB011217, 2014.

  • Allam, A. A., Y. Ben-Zion I. Kurzon and F. L. Vernon, Seismic velocity structure in the Hot Springs and Trifurcation Seismicity Cluster Areas of the San Jacinto Fault Zone from double-difference tomography, Geophys. J. Int., 198, 978–999, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggu176, 2014.

  • Kurzon, I., F.L.Vernon, Y. Ben-Zion and G. Atkinson, Ground Motion Prediction Equations in the San Jacinto Fault Zone – Significant Effects of Rupture Directivity and Fault Zone Amplification, Pure Appl. Geophys., 171, doi: 10.1007/s00024-014-0855-2, 2014.

  • Allam, A. A., Y. Ben-Zion and Z. Peng, Seismic imaging of a bimaterial interface along the Hayward fault, CA, with fault zone headwaves and direct P arrivals, Pure Appl. Geophys., 171, doi: 10.1007/s00024-014-0784-0, 2014.

  • Avallone, A., A Rovelli, G. Di Giulio, L. Improta, Y. Ben-Zion, G. Milana and F. Cara, Wave-guide effects in very high rate GPS record of the 6 April 2009, Mw 6.1 L'Aquila, central Italy earthquake , J. Geophys. Res, doi: 10.1002/2013JB010475, 2014.

  • Roux, P. and Y. Ben-Zion, Monitoring fault zone environments with correlation of earthquake waveforms, Geophys. J. Int., 196, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt441, 2014.

  • Liu, X. and Y. Ben-Zion, Theoretical and Numerical Results on Effects of Attenuation on Correlation Functions of Ambient Seismic Noise, Geophys. J. Int., 194, 1966-1983, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt215, 2013.

  • Hillers, G., Y. Ben-Zion, M. Landes, M. Campillo, Interaction of microseisms with crustal heterogeneity: A case study from the San Jacinto fault zone area, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., 14, 2182-2197, doi:10.1002/ggge.20140, 2013.

  • Rempe, M., T. Mitchell, J. Renner, S. Nippress, Y. Ben-Zion and T. K. Rockwell, Damage structure, anisotropy and seismic velocity of pulverized rocks near the San Andreas Fault, J, Geophys., Res., 118, 2813-2831, doi: 10.1002/jgrb.50184, 2013.

  • Pischiutta, M., A Rovelli, F. Salvini, G. Di Giulio and Y. Ben Zion, Directional resonance variations across the Pernicana fault, Mt. Etna, in relation to brittle deformation fields, Geophys. J. Int., 193, 986-996, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt031, 2013.

  • Schulte-Pelkum, V. and Y. Ben-Zion, Apparent vertical Moho offsets under continental strike-slip faults from lithology contrasts in the seismogenic crust, Bull. Seism, Soc. Am., 102, 2757–2763, doi: 10.1785/0120120139, 2012.

  • Allam, A. A. and Y. Ben-Zion, Seismic velocity structures in the Southern California plate-boundary environment from double-difference tomography , Geophys. J. Int., 190, 1181–1196, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05544.x, 2012.

  • Ozakin, Y., Y. Ben-Zion, M. Aktar, H. Karabulut and Z. Peng, Velocity contrast across the 1944 rupture zone of the North Anatolian fault east of Ismetpasa from analysis of teleseismic arrivals, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L08307, doi:10.1029/2012GL051426, 2012.

  • Bulut, F., Y. Ben-Zion and M. Bonhoff, Evidence for a bimaterial interface along the Mudurnu segment of the North Anatolian Fault Zone from polarization analysis of P waves, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 327-328, 17-22, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2012.02.001, 2012.

  • Pischiutta, M., F. Salvini, J. Fletcher, A Rovelli and Y. Ben Zion, Horizontal polarization of ground motion in the Hayward fault zone at Fremont,California: Dominant fault-high-angle polarization and fault-induced cracks, Geophys. J. Int., 188, 1255-1272, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05319.x, 2012.

  • Lewis, M. A. and Y. Ben-Zion, Diversity of fault zone damage and trapping structures in the Parkfield section of the San Andreas Fault from comprehensive analysis of near fault seismograms, Geophys. J. Int., 183, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04816.x, 2010.

  • Wu, C. Z. Peng and Y. Ben-Zion, Refined thresholds for nonlinear ground motion and temporal changes of site response associated with medium size earthquakes, Geophys. J. Int., 183, 1567-1576, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04704.x, 2010.

  • Zhao, P., Z. Peng, Z. Shi, M. Lewis and Y. Ben-Zion, Variations of the Velocity Contrast and Rupture Properties of M6 Earthquakes along the Parkfield Section of the San Andreas Fault, Geophys. J. Int., 180, 765–780, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04436.x, 2010.

  • Wu, C. Z. Peng and Y. Ben-Zion, Non-linearity and Temporal Changes of Fault Zone Site Response Associated with Strong Ground Motion, Geophys. J. Int., 176, 265-278, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2008.04005.x, 2009.

  • Ben-Zion, Y., Z. Peng, M A Lewis, J McGuire, High Resolution Imaging of Fault Zone Structures With Seismic Fault Zone Waves, Scientific Drilling, Special Issue No. 1, 78-79, doi:10.2204/iodp.sd.s01.23.2007, 2007.

  • Lewis, M. A, Y. Ben-Zion and J. McGuire, Imaging the deep structure of the San Andreas Fault south of Hollister with joint analysis of fault-zone head and direct P arrivals, Geophys. J. Int., 169, 1028-1042, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03319.x, 2007.

  • Peng, Z. and Y. Ben-Zion Temporal changes of shallow seismic velocity around the Karadere-Duzce branch of the north Anatolian fault and strong ground motion , Pure and Appl. Geophys., 163, 567-599, DOI 10.1007/s00024-005-0034-6, 2006

  • McGuire, J. and Y. Ben-Zion High-resolution imaging of the Bear Valley section of the San Andreas Fault at seismogenic depths with fault-zone head waves and relocated seismicity , Geophys. J. Int, 163, 152-164, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2005.02703.x, 2005.

  • Lewis, M. A., Z. Peng, Y. Ben-Zion and F. L. Vernon Shallow Seismic Trapping Structure in the San Jacinto fault zone near Anza, California , Geophys. J. Int, 162, 867.881, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2005.02684.x, 2005.

  • Peng, Z. and Y. Ben-Zion Spatio-temporal variations of crustal anisotropy from similar events in aftershocks of the 1999 M7.4 Izmit and M7.1 Duzce, Turkey, earthquake sequences , Geophys. J. Int. ,160(3), 1027-1043, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2005.02569.x, 2005.

  • Liu, Y., Y. Ben-Zion and T. L. Teng, Reply to Comment of Crampin and Gao on "Systematic Analysis of Shear-Wave Splitting in the Aftershock Zone of the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, Earthquake: Shallow Crustal Anisotropy and Lack of Precursory Variations " by Liu, Teng and Ben-Zion , Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 95, 361-366, doi: 10.1785/0120040109, 2005.

  • Liu, Y., T. L. Teng and Y. Ben-Zion, Near-surface seismic anisotropy, attenuation and dispersion in the aftershock region of the 1999 Chi-Chi,earthquake , Geophys. J. Int., 160, 695-706, 2005.

  • Peng, Z. and Y. Ben-Zion Systematic analysis of crustal anisotropy along the Karadere-D�zce branch of the north Anatolian fault , Geophys. J. Int., 159, 253-274, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2004.02379.x, 2004.

  • Liu, Y., T. L. Teng and Y. Ben-Zion, Systematic analysis of shear wave splitting in the aftershock region of the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake: Evidence for shallow anisotropic structure and lack of systematic temporal variations , Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 94, 2330-2347, 2004.

  • Fohrmann, M., Igel, H., Jahnke, G., Ben-Zion, Y., Guided waves from sources outside faults: an indication for shallow fault zone structure? , Pure Appl. Geophys., 161, 2125-2137, 2004.

  • Peng, Z., Y. Ben-Zion, A. J. Michael and L. Zhu, Quantitative analysis of seismic trapped waves in the rupture zone of the 1992 Landers, California earthquake: Evidence for a shallow trapping structure , Geophys. J. Int., 155, 1021-1041, 2003.

  • Ben-Zion, Y., Z. Peng, D. Okaya, L. Seeber, J. G. Armbruster, N. Ozer, A. J. Michael, S. Baris, and M. Aktar, A shallow fault zone structure illuminated by trapped waves in the Karadere-Duzce branch of the North Anatolian Fault, western Turkey , Geophys. J. Int., 152, 699-717, 2003.

  • Ben-Zion, Y., C. G. Sammis, Characterization of Fault Zones , Pure Appl. Geophys., 160, 677-715, 2003.

  • Jahnke, G., H. Igel and Y. Ben-Zion, Three-dimensional calculations of fault zone guided wave in various irregular structures , Geophys. J. Int., 151, 416-426, 2002.

  • Igel, H., G. Jahnke, and Y. Ben-Zion, Numerical simulation of fault zone trapped waves: accuracy and 3-D effects , Pure Appl. Geophys., 159, 2067-2083, 2002.

  • Ben-Zion, Y., Properties of Seismic Fault Zone Waves and Their Utility for Imaging Low Velocity Structures, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 12567-12585, 1998.


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    Yehuda Ben-Zion
    Science Hall, Room 109
    USC Earth Sciences
    Los Angeles, CA 90089-0740
    email: benzion@terra.usc.edu